3 Emerging Technologies in the Brain Health Niche
The human brain is the size of a coconut, yet there are about 100 billion neurons and as many cells as stars in the Milky Way. Until very recently, scientists only had a rough idea of how all these neurons are working together, creating our thoughts, actions, and memories.
But in a flurry of innovation, neuroscientists have some developed techniques to map all these brain circuits. Ultimately the aim is to map the connection between the brain, behavior, and disease.
Understanding the human nervous system is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st-century. Brain informatics is a subset of neuro-informatics, but most of the literature on neuro-informatics focuses on the brain. There are fields devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system with sub-disciplines such as brain structure, function, development, genetics, biochemistry, pharmacology, and pathology. These areas of expertise focus on the investigation of the brain and the mind.
By the year 2000, over 40 web-based projects with digital databases were steered by the human brain project. The Society of Neuroscience was formally established in 2003 to prompt the po
pularization of Neuroscience to the world.
The connection in the brain is plastic, meaning that when we learn something, the properties of brain synapses and other neutral circuits change. This improves their processing speed and the fidelity of information encoded. The narratives are delivered via computer-based training module with minimal interaction with the research subject.
Here are the three emerging technologies for the betterment of brain health.
1. Brain-Gene Ontology (BGO)
The Brain-Gene Ontology project concerns itself with the collection, presentation and, use of knowledge with the means of computational intelligence. The function of BGO includes information about neurons, calculating the gene regulatory network and simulation modeling. Brain-Gene Ontology system includes various concepts, facts, graphs, visualization, and other information forms related to brain functions and diseases. It estimates the genetic basis and relationship between all of them.
2. Human brain mapping – Mitre Corperation
Human brain mapping data also known as MRI, IMRI, Cryosection, EEG etc. is rapidly being used worldwide. This technology provides the data that is significantly needed for an appropriate understanding of the mind’s infrastructure. The goal of this high technology is to enable the worldwide exploration, analysis and dissemination of the growing corpus of the human brain. These basic architectural components of the digital library, associated repository, and five basic workflows include retrieval migration, definition, and exploration. Already, some of the brain scans through this technology can detect Alzheimer’s before its clinical symptoms appear.
3. Automated Brain Testing
It is believed that further advancement in this technology will save 80 percent of the doctor’s time that is spent in decision-making. Portable devices and phone apps are currently able to diagnose and track certain ailments. They can continuously monitor electrical activity in the brain for the early signs of seizure, and even deliver brief electrical pulses to reduce the risk of a fit in patients with refractory epilepsy.
They consist of output devices such as helmets and neck patches that can measure the location, frequency, and severity of the concussion, which helps to reduce long-term brain injuries. Automated brain testing is able to track changes in cognition, mood and even gait and send reports about a person’s brain health to their doctor directly.
Some of the major under developing technologies are surprising enough to make us question if it is really a technology or magic.
researchers at Stanford University have come up with an ultra small microscope that can record a thousand neurons working together for weeks at the time in the of a live mouse. Researchers can tell the mouse’s location just by looking at it brain cell.
At Washington University School of Medicine at St. Louis, a team developed a LED light, that is thousands of time smaller than the kind you find in your flashlights. Thread on wired 1/3 thick as human hair, these lights can be injected to activate the special network of light sensitivity in the neurons.
Technology is changing so rapidly we can barely keep up. It has made it easy to understand our brain in structural and biochemical level. Neuroscience is increasingly benefiting from emerging IT technologies, even doctors prefer moving towards the digital platform for the sake progressive medical practice. These technologies have proved to be the great aid to perform various medical tasks.